In situ growth of lead zirconate titanate thin films by hybrid process: Sol-gel method and pulsed-laser deposition

Z. J. Wang, H. Kokawa, R. Maeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pb(ZrxTi1-x)O3 (PZT) thin films were grown in situ on Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si substrates by a hybrid process consisting of the sol-gel method and pulsed-laser deposition (PLD). The deposition temperature to obtain the perovskite phase in the hybrid process is 460°C, significantly lower than in the case of direct film deposition by PLD on a Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si substrate. X-ray diffraction analysis indicated that the preferred orientation of PZT films can be controlled using the layer deposited by the sol-gel method and highly (111)- or (100)-oriented PZT films were obtained. A transmission electron microscope image showed that the film had a polycrystalline columnar microstructure extending through its thickness, and no sharp boundary was observed between the layers deposited by the sol-gel method and PLD. A high-resolution electron microscope image and electron diffraction analysis revealed that the crystalline lattice of the layers deposited by the sol-gel method and PLD was continuous and there was no difference in crystalline orientation between the layers. These results indicate that the solid-phase epitaxial effect between the PZT layers deposited by the sol-gel method and PLD reduces the deposition temperature to obtain the perovskite phase during PLD, and causes the films to exhibit the same preferred orientation as that of the layer deposited by the sol-gel method. The dielectric constant and remanent polarization of the films deposited in situ at 460°C were approximately 900 and 15 μC/cm2, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-600
Number of pages8
JournalActa Materialia
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Electroceramics
  • Laser deposition
  • Sol-gel method
  • Thin films
  • Transmission electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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