In-situ FE-SEM observation of the growth behaviors of Fe particles at magmatic temperatures

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Abstract

To investigate the nucleation and growth behavior of nano- to micro-meter sized crystals in silicate melts, we attempted the high-temperature in-situ observation using field emission-scanning electron microscopy with a heating stage under high- and low- vacuum (9.6 × 10–5 and 60 Pa, respectively). The sub-micrometer sized particles of Fe slightly above the experimentally determined melting point of nanocrystal moved, coalesced via particle attachment, and recrystallized to form grains with sizes of up to a few hundred nanometers in a rhyolitic silicate melt at ~950 °C under high vacuum. In this study, we 1) conducted the first observation of non-classical growth processes of metals up to a few hundred nanometers above the recrystallization temperature of the bulk crystals, and 2) found the melt viscosity and wettability control of crystal mobility by comparing the behavior of Fe and Pt particles on the sample surface originating from the focused ion beam deposits. The increased diffusivity of metals and decreased melt viscosity could have induced the coalescence of bulk-sized crystals at high-temperature. The crystal growth of silicates and oxides via classical pathways was also observed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126043
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Volume560-561
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr 15

Keywords

  • A1. Nucleation
  • A2. Growth from solutions
  • B1. Glasses
  • B1. Metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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