In situ evaluation of the influence of interstitial oxygen on the elastic modulus of La2 NiO4

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Abstract

Lattice defects significantly affect the mechanical properties of crystalline metal oxides. The materials for the components of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are no exception, and hence understanding of the interplay between lattice defects and the mechanical properties of components is important to ensure the mechanical stability of SOFCs. Herein, we performed an in situ evaluation of the temperature and P(O2) dependence of the elastic moduli of La2 NiO4 (LN214), a candidate for the cathode material of SOFCs, using the resonance method to understand the influence of interstitial oxygen on its elastic properties. Above 873 K, both the Young’s and shear moduli of LN214 slightly decreased with increasing P(O2), suggesting that these elastic moduli are correlated with interstitial oxygen concentration and decreased with increasing interstitial oxygen. We analyzed the influence of interstitial oxygen on the Young’s modulus of LN214, based on numerically obtained lattice energy. The P(O2) dependence of the Young’s modulus of LN214 was found to be essentially explained by variation in the c-lattice constant, which was triggered by variation in interstitial oxygen concentration. These findings may contribute to a better understanding of the relationship between lattice defects and mechanical properties, and to the improvement of the mechanical stability of SOFCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1889
JournalMetals
Volume11
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec

Keywords

  • Elastic modulus
  • In situ evaluation
  • La NiO
  • Lattice defects
  • Solid oxide fuel cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Metals and Alloys

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