In situ chemical vapor deposition of metals on vapor-grown carbon fibers and fabrication of aluminum-matrix composites reinforced by coated fibers

Fumio Ogawa, Chitoshi Masuda, Hidetoshi Fujii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aluminum, nickel, silicon, and titanium were deposited onto the surfaces of vapor-grown carbon fibers (VGCFs) using a simple and cost-effective in situ chemical vapor deposition method. This process began with the in situ reaction of metal powders and iodine in heated quartz tubes, leading to the formation of metallic iodide vapors. Aluminum was deposited by annealing at 500 °C, forming almost homogeneous metallic aluminum layers on VGCFs. Aluminum-matrix composites reinforced by aluminum-coated VGCFs were fabricated by powder metallurgy. The tensile strength of these composites was improved by the aluminum-coating treatment. Nickel was deposited by annealing at 600 °C. The coating layer consisted of grains smaller than 5 nm. Molten aluminum was dropped on sheets comprising nickel-coated VGCFs, and the contact angle was measured; the wettability was found to be clearly improved. Composites containing nickel-coated VGCFs were fabricated via hot extrusion of a mixture of Al–7Si alloy and VGCFs at semisolid temperature. Vickers microhardness values of the composites were improved by nickel-coating treatment because of improved interaction of the aluminum matrix and VGCFs at the interface. A metallic silicon-coating layer was formed by annealing at 1100 °C. For titanium coating, the reaction of VGCFs with titanium and conversion of the VGCF surface into titanium carbide was confirmed. In the case of titanium, metallic titanium could be deposited without the use of iodine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5036-5050
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume53
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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