Impurity and magnetic field effects on the stripes in cuprates

Yoji Koike, Tadashi Adachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Impurity and magnetic field effects on the stripes are reviewed not only in the La-based cuprates but also in the other high-T c cuprates. It has turned out that the so-called 1/8 anomaly takes place not only in the La-based cuprates but also in the hole-doped high-T c cuprates universally, when adequate pinning centers are introduced. Impurity-induced magnetism tends to emerge at low temperatures in a wide range of hole concentration in LSCO, Bi2201 and YBCO where superconductivity appears. Accordingly, it is possible that the dynamically fluctuating stripes exist universally in the hole-doped high-T c cuprates and play an important role in the appearance of the high-T c superconductivity. For the hole-doped high-T c cuprates, it has turned out that magnetic field effects on the stripes are small in samples where the stripes are well stabilized statically in zero field, while field-induced magnetism is observed under magnetic fields parallel to the c-axis in underdoped samples where magnetism is not well developed in zero field. The field-induced magnetism has been observed in some optimally doped samples also, but it has never been observed in overdoped samples. Field-induced CDW has been observed in slightly overdoped BSCCO. These results are understood fundamentally in terms of the theoretical phase diagram as a function of magnetic field, based on the Ginzburg-Landau theory with competing antiferromagnetic and superconducting order parameters. It is also possible to understand that the field-induced magnetism and CDW are due to pinning of the dynamically fluctuating stripes by vortex cores as in the case of the pinning by impurities. In the electron-doped high-T c cuprates, on the other hand, impurity-induced magnetism has never been observed. The nature of the field-induced magnetism observed in the electron-doped cuprates is different from that in the hole-doped ones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-124
Number of pages10
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Nov 1


  • Field-induced magnetism
  • High-T cuprates
  • Impurity effect
  • Impurity-induced magnetism
  • Magnetic field effect
  • Stripe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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