Improvement of the NH2OH-HCl-HOAc method for extracting manganese and iron oxides in Japanese Andisols and other soil types in Japan

Aomi Suda, Tomoyuki Makino, Teruo Higashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We evaluated the validity of Tessier's method as applied to the extraction of manganese (Mn) and iron (Fe) oxides in Japanese Andisols and other soil types in Japan. Using the original Tessier's extractant mixture, 0.04 mol L-1 hydroxylamine hydrochloride in 25% acetic acid (0.04 mol L-1 NH2OH-HCl in 25% HOAc), we found that substantial amounts of short-range-ordered Fe oxides were not extracted from allophanic Andisol samples and that considerable amounts of total Fe oxides were not extracted from all soil types. Relatively high extraction pH and large amounts of short-range-ordered Fe oxides in the Andisol samples might be responsible for incomplete extraction. Stoichiometric calculation indicated that the concentration of NH2OH-HCl might be insufficient for complete extraction of Fe oxides. The extracted amounts of Mn and Fe increased with increasing concentration of NH2OH-HCl in the extractant, and most of the Mn and Fe oxides in the soil samples, including samples with as much as 5.6% Fe, were extracted with 0.6 mol L-1 NH2OH-HCl in 25% HOAc. As judged from the simultaneous dissolution of aluminum (Al) and silicon (Si) minerals, extraction selectivity of Fe oxides with 0.6 mol L-1 NH2OH-HCl in 25% HOAc was comparable to that of the original Tessier's method and better than that of a modified Community Bureau of Reference (BCR) sequential extraction procedure or a method using an extractant consisting of a mixture of oxalate and ascorbate, especially for Andisol samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)700-714
Number of pages15
JournalSoil Science and Plant Nutrition
Volume59
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fe oxide
  • Tessier
  • heavy metals
  • hydroxylamine hydrochloride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science

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