Improvement of desalted paddy soil by the application of fertilizer made of steelmaking slag (recovery of a paddy field damaged by the tsunami using fertilizer made of steelmaking slag-1)

Nobuhiro Maruoka, Michimasa Okubo, Hiroyuki Shibata, Xu Gao, Toyoaki Ito, Shin Ya Kitamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Paddy fields located near the coast of northeastern Japan have suffered significant damage from the tsunami caused by the earthquake. The restoration of a damaged paddy field can be achieved with the washing out of Na by desalting treatment and fertilization with silica. The concentration of Na can be effectively reduced with Ca supplements. As steelmaking slag contains CaO and SiO2, it has a strong potential to become an economic solution for the recovery of fields. To evaluate the effect of fertilizer made of steelmaking slag, a new soil-filled column testing method was developed to simulate the paddy field conditions. The column was composed of a plow layer containing pore water and soil with fertilizer, along with a layer of surface water. Every day, water sample was collected from the bottom of the column and the same amount of fresh water was supplied for approximately 2 months. The original soil and the soil after desalting were used with and without fertilizer made of steelmaking slag. The influence of soil particle size was also investigated. During the experiment, the pH increased, while the oxidation and reduction potential decreased day by day; thus, the typical changes under paddy field conditions were simulated. Supplementation with fertilizer made of steelmaking slag led to the increase in Ca content and pH. In contrast, most of the Na was washed out by water exchange during the experiment; however, an initial decrease in its content was observed by the addition of fertilizer made of steelmaking slag.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-456
Number of pages12
JournalTetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Volume101
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Column test
  • Fertilizer
  • Paddy
  • Soil particle size
  • Steelmaking slag
  • Tsunami

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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