Improvement in steam oxidation resistance of Fe-10%Cr-0.08%C steel by suppressing hydrogen dissolution

M. Nakai, K. Nagai, Y. Murata, M. Morinaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrogen effect on high-temperature steam oxidation resistance was investigated using an Fe-10%Cr-0.08%C ternary ferritic steel. In order to suppress hydrogen dissolution during steam oxidation, the steel was pre-oxidized in air at 923 K before exposure to steam. A thin oxide layer formed by the pre-oxidation was identified as Cr2O3 with containing a small amount of Fe2O3. This oxide layer worked to lower the oxidation rate in steam at 923 K. However, such a beneficial pre-oxidation effect disappeared when the specimen was exposed to steam for a long time, and nodular-like oxides were formed on the pre-oxidized specimen. There was a clear resemblance in both the chemical composition and the layer structure between the nodular-like oxides and the oxide scale usually formed during steam oxidation. As hydrogen diffusivity was much higher in such an oxide scale than in Cr2O3, hydrogen could dissolve in the nodular-like oxides readily during steam oxidation. Then, hydrogen-accelerated oxidation progressed even on the pre-oxidized specimen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3869-3885
Number of pages17
JournalCorrosion Science
Volume48
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Nov 1

Keywords

  • High Cr ferritic steel
  • High-temperature oxidation
  • Hydrogen
  • Steam oxidation
  • Water vapor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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