Thermally induced structural change in photoisomerization molecules is a serious obstacle to the development of optically controllable organic field-effect transistors (OFETs). This is because the thermal relaxation of molecular structures degrades photo-induced change in drain current and removes the memory function. To deal with this issue, a naphthopyran (NP) derivative, namely 3,13-dihydro-3-(4-triphenylaminyl)-3,13-diphenylbenzopyrano[5,6-a] carbazole (NP-TPAC) was tested that displays pseudo p-type photochromism at room temperature. The NP-TPAC-doped poly(triarylamine) (PTAA) film exhibited a reversible change in transistor properties; the drain current was reduced by ultraviolet (UV) and returned to its original value by visible (VIS) light irradiation. Importantly, no change in the drain current was observed at room temperature for more than 30 h under dark conditions. This was because the open-ring trans-trans (TT) isomer of NP-TPAC is thermally stable owing to the CH-π interaction and the steric force exerted by the phenyl ring of the carbazole unit onto the double bond responsible for the thermal back reaction. In other words, the thermal stability of photochromism-based optical devices can be greatly improved by adopting an appropriate molecular design.
- Optical switching
- Organic thin film transistor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering