Improved thermal stability in photochromism-based optically controllable organic thin film transistor

Yasushi Ishiguro, Michel Frigoli, Ryoma Hayakawa, Toyohiro Chikyow, Yutaka Wakayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Thermally induced structural change in photoisomerization molecules is a serious obstacle to the development of optically controllable organic field-effect transistors (OFETs). This is because the thermal relaxation of molecular structures degrades photo-induced change in drain current and removes the memory function. To deal with this issue, a naphthopyran (NP) derivative, namely 3,13-dihydro-3-(4-triphenylaminyl)-3,13-diphenylbenzopyrano[5,6-a] carbazole (NP-TPAC) was tested that displays pseudo p-type photochromism at room temperature. The NP-TPAC-doped poly(triarylamine) (PTAA) film exhibited a reversible change in transistor properties; the drain current was reduced by ultraviolet (UV) and returned to its original value by visible (VIS) light irradiation. Importantly, no change in the drain current was observed at room temperature for more than 30 h under dark conditions. This was because the open-ring trans-trans (TT) isomer of NP-TPAC is thermally stable owing to the CH-π interaction and the steric force exerted by the phenyl ring of the carbazole unit onto the double bond responsible for the thermal back reaction. In other words, the thermal stability of photochromism-based optical devices can be greatly improved by adopting an appropriate molecular design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1891-1895
Number of pages5
JournalOrganic Electronics
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Optical switching
  • Organic thin film transistor
  • Photochromism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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