Improved stability of up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor treating starch wastewater by pre-acidification: Impact on microbial community and metabolic dynamics

Jiang Wu, Bo Jiang, Zhe Kong, Chongyang Yang, Lu Li, Bo Feng, Zibin Luo, Kai Qin Xu, Takuro Kobayashi, Yu You Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Poor processing stability has been cited as the fatal shortcoming of the up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor treating starch wastewater (SW). In this study, the SW treatment performance in a one-stage UASB reactor and a pre-acidification equipped UASB process were evaluated together with the microbial dynamics. The results revealed that the pre-acidification provided improvements in terms of the substrate utilization diversity and the stability of the microbial community structure on the UASB reactor. Anaerolineaceae/Methanosaeta was the core functional microbiota in the pre-acidification equipped UASB reactor, indicated the superior abilities on the acetogenic methanogenesis of granules. The genus of Methanobacterium, a hydrogenotrophic methanogen was dominant in the archaeal community in the one-stage UASB reactor. The granules performed very strong hydrogen affinity in methane production, a small amount of propionate was detected in the effluent. These were abnormal, which suggested the high hydrogen turn-over rate in the one-stage UASB reactor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124781
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume326
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr

Keywords

  • Granules substrate type
  • Microbial functions
  • Pre-acidification
  • Starch wastewater
  • Up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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