Improved Stability of siRNA-Loaded Lipid Nanoparticles Prepared with a PEG-Monoacyl Fatty Acid Facilitates Ligand-Mediated siRNA Delivery

Yu Sakurai, Wataru Mizumura, Kenichiro Ito, Kazuhiro Iwasaki, Takayuki Katoh, Yuki Goto, Hiroaki Suga, Hideyoshi Harashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Peptide modification is a popular strategy for developing an active targeting lipid nanoparticle (LNP). In modifying the surface of an LNP with a peptide, the sequence and structure of the peptide strongly affects the formation of the LNP. Specifically, a peptide with a high hydrophobicity can induce coarsening and aggregation of the LNP. In an attempt to prevent this from occurring, we incorporated monoacyl and diacyl group-conjugated poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) into a LNP. We previously developed an original LNP, a multifunctional envelope type nanodevice (MEND) modified with an Epi-1 peptide, a ligand with a high affinity for the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM). Using this peptide-modified MEND, the efficiency of delivery of a small interfering RNA (siRNA) encapsulated in the MEND was significantly improved. Although increasing the ratio of modification enhanced cellular uptake, the increase also induced aggregation of the LNP, particularly in the case of a large scale preparation. Our results indicate that a monoacyl PEG-lipid can prevent aggregation, even when the LNP is modified with higher molar ratios of peptide, but that this also results in a decrease in delivery efficiency. Moreover, the Epi-1-modified MEND exhibited a strong silencing effect in an ovarian cancer peritoneal dissemination model. Our results suggest that the simple incorporation of a monoacyl derivative into the PEG-lipid resulted in the formation of a peptide-modified LNP with improved characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1397-1404
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular pharmaceutics
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr 6
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • EpCAM
  • active targeting
  • intraperitoneal injection
  • lipid nanoparticle
  • ovarian cancer
  • siRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery

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