Impairment of VEGF-A-stimulated lamellipodial extensions and motility of vascular endothelial cells by chondromodulin-I, a cartilage-derived angiogenesis inhibitor

Shigenori Miura, Kaori Mitsui, Takahiro Heishi, Chisa Shukunami, Kiyotoshi Sekiguchi, Jun Kondo, Yasufumi Sato, Yuji Hiraki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chondromodulin-I (ChM-I) is a cartilage-derived angiogenesis inhibitor that has been identified as inhibitory to the growth activity of vascular endothelial cells. In our present study, we demonstrate the anti-angiogenic activity of recombinant human ChM-I (rhChM-I) in mouse corneal angiogenesis and examine its action. We focus on the VEGF-A-induced migration of vascular endothelial cells, a critical regulatory step in angiogenesis. In a modified Boyden chamber assay, nanomolar concentrations of rhChM-I inhibited the chemotactic migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) induced by VEGF-A as well as by FGF-2 and IGF-I. The ChM-I action was found to be endothelial cell-specific and independent of cell adhesions. Time-lapse analysis further revealed that rhChM-I markedly reduces VEGF-A-stimulated motility of HUVECs and causes frequent alterations of the moving front due to the appearance of multiple transient protrusions. This action involved the inhibition of cell spreading and the disrupted reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton upon VEGF-A stimulation. Consistent with these observations, rhChM-I was found to significantly reduce the activity of Rac1/Cdc42 during cell spreading, and the VEGF-A-induced Rac1 activity but not its basal activity in quiescent cells. Taken together, our present data suggest that ChM-I impairs the VEGF-A-stimulated motility of endothelial cells by destabilizing lamellipodial extensions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-788
Number of pages14
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume316
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Mar 10

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis inhibitor
  • Cell migration
  • Chondromodulin-I
  • VEGF-A
  • Vascular endothelial cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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