Impaired Higher-Level Functional Capacity as a Predictor of Stroke in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: the Ohasama Study

Keiko Murakami, Megumi Tsubota-Utsugi, Michihiro Satoh, Kei Asayama, Ryusuke Inoue, Aya Ishiguro, Ayako Matsuda, Atsuhiro Kanno, Daisaku Yasui, Takahisa Murakami, Hirohito Metoki, Masahiro Kikuya, Yutaka Imai, Takayoshi Ohkubo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Purpose - Functional capacity is a predictor, as well as a consequence, of stroke. However, little research has been done to examine whether higher-level functional capacity above basic activities of daily living is a predictor of stroke. Methods.We followed 1493 Japanese community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 60 years (mean age, 70.1 years) who were independent in basic activities of daily living and had no history of stroke. Baseline data were collected using a selfadministered questionnaire. Higher-level functional capacity was measured using the total score and 3 subscales (instrumental activities of daily living, intellectual activity, and social role) derived from the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology Index of Competence. Adjusted hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated by the Cox proportional hazards model. Results.During a mean follow-up of 10.4 years, 191 participants developed a first stroke. Impaired higher-level functional capacity based on total score of the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology Index of Competence was significantly associated with stroke (hazard ratio, 1.64; 95% confidence interval, 1.15-2.33). Among the 3 subscales, only intellectual activity was significantly associated with stroke (hazard ratio, 1.64; 95% confidence interval, 1.21-2.22). Social role was significantly associated with stroke only among those aged ≥ 75 years (hazard ratio, 1.78; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-2.98). Conclusions.Impaired higher-level functional capacity, especially in the domain of intellectual activity, was a predictor of stroke, even among community-dwelling older adults with independent basic activities of daily living at baseline. Monitoring of higher-level functional capacity might be useful to detect those at higher risk of developing stroke in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-328
Number of pages6
JournalStroke
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Functional capacity impairment
  • Instrumental activities of daily living
  • Intellectual activity
  • Social role
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Impaired Higher-Level Functional Capacity as a Predictor of Stroke in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: the Ohasama Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Murakami, K., Tsubota-Utsugi, M., Satoh, M., Asayama, K., Inoue, R., Ishiguro, A., Matsuda, A., Kanno, A., Yasui, D., Murakami, T., Metoki, H., Kikuya, M., Imai, Y., & Ohkubo, T. (2016). Impaired Higher-Level Functional Capacity as a Predictor of Stroke in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: the Ohasama Study. Stroke, 47(2), 323-328. https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.115.011131