Impact of the 2011 great east japan earthquake on the resumption of alcohol consumption after living-donor liver transplantation for alcoholic cirrhosis: A report of two cases

Chikashi Nakanishi, Naoki Kawagishi, Kazushige Sato, Shigehito Miyagi, Ikuo Takeda, Noriaki Ohuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a leading indication for liver transplantation (LT) in Western countries. The rate of resumption of alcohol abuse is 7% to 95% after LT for ALD. A high prevalence of alcohol abuse has been observed in disaster-exposed populations; however, little is known about the association between resumption of alcohol abuse after LT and disasters. Between June 2007 and March 2011, 3 patients with alcoholic cirrhosis (2 men and 1 woman) underwent living-donor LT (LDLT) at Tohoku University Hospital, Sendai, Japan. The female patient died of graft failure 6 months after LDLT. The other patients (ages 55 and 56 years), who survived to discharge, resumed alcohol abuse after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake. Before transplantation, both patients had been abusing alcohol for >35 years, with a daily ethanol intake of 110 g and 140 g, respectively. The period of abstinence from alcohol consumption ranged from 4 to 6 months. After transplantation, patients showed good compliance with treatment and seemed at low risk of relapse until the earthquake. One patient was living in the nuclear evacuation zone at Fukushima, and resumed alcohol consumption after the evacuation. Another patient resumed alcohol consumption while temporarily living apart from his family during restoration work after the disaster. Extreme stress and changes in living arrangements after the Great East Japan Earthquake seemed to trigger the desire to drink. This is the first report on patients who underwent LT for ALD and who resumed alcohol consumption after a disaster.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)992-994
Number of pages3
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation
  • Medicine(all)

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