Impact of TET2 deficiency on iron metabolism in erythroblasts

Kyoko Inokura, Tohru Fujiwara, Kei Saito, Tatsuya Iino, Shunsuke Hatta, Yoko Okitsu, Noriko Fukuhara, Yasushi Onishi, Kenichi Ishizawa, Kazuya Shimoda, Hideo Harigae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sideroblastic anemia is characterized by the presence of ring sideroblasts (RSs), which are caused by iron accumulation in the mitochondria of erythroblasts and are present in both the acquired and congenital forms of the disease. However, the mechanism leading to RS formation remains elusive. Acquired sideroblastic anemia is usually observed in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Because a subset of MDS harbors a somatic mutation of TET2, it may be involved in iron metabolism and/or heme biosynthesis in erythroblasts. Tet2 knockdown (Tet2trap) induced exhibited mild normocytic anemia and elevated serum ferritin levels in 4-month-old mice. Although typical RSs were not observed, increased mitochondrial ferritin (FTMT) amounts were observed in the erythroblasts of Tet2-knockdown mice. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction demonstrated significant dysregulation of genes involved in iron and heme metabolism, including Hmox1, Fech, Abcb7, and Sf3b1 downregulation. After the identification of a cytosine–guanine island in the promoters of Fech, Abcb7, and Sf3b1, we evaluated DNA methylation status and found significantly higher methylation levels at the CpG sites in the erythroblasts of Tet2-knockdown mice. Furthermore, Tet2 knockdown in erythroblasts resulted in decreased heme concentration and accumulation of FTMT. Therefore, TET2 plays a role in the iron and heme metabolism in erythroblasts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-67.e5
JournalExperimental Hematology
Volume49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research

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