Impact of Nerve-Sparing Status on Positive Surgical Margin Location and Biochemical Recurrence in Patients with Prostate Cancer Post Radical Prostatectomy

Yoshinori Matsuda, Shintaro Narita, Teppei Okubo, Koji Mitsuzuka, Shingo Hatakeyama, Atsushi Koizumi, Takuya Koie, Sadafumi Kawamura, Tatsuo Tochigi, Akihiro Ito, Chikara Oyama, Yoichi Arai, Tomonori Habuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study was designed to assess the relationship between nerve-sparing (NS) status, positive surgical margin (PSM) location, and biochemical recurrence (BCR) based on a multicenter, radical prostatectomy (RP) database. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed data from 726 patients who underwent RP without any neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment between 2010 and 2014. We statistically assessed the impact of NS sides on PSM location and BCR. Results: PSM rates were 21.9% in the 726 patients studied, 13.2% in patients with ≤pT2, and 46.8% in patients with ≥pT3. Regarding PSM locations, the anterior-apex (AA) was the most common site for PSM (43.3%). After adjusting for confounding factors, bilateral nerve sparing (BNS) had a significantly higher odds ratio of PSM than the absence of NS did (odds ratio [OR] 3.04, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.85–4.99). In the UNS RP in patients with ≤pT2, non-AA PSM on the non-NS side was significantly higher than that on the NS side (92.9% vs. 45.5%, p = 0.009). In all patients, 5.8% experienced BCR during a median follow-up of 43.5 months. PSM was significantly associated with BCR-free survival in patients with ≤pT2 (p = 0.013), but not in patients with ≥pT3 (p = 0.185). Non-AA PSM at the non-NS side was an independent risk factor for BCR (hazard ratio [HR] 2.56, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.12–5.85), whereas AA PSMs, including NS/non-NS sides and non-AA PSM at the NS side, were not associated with BCR-free survival. Conclusions: Avoidance of non-AA PSM on the non-NS side may be rather important for maintaining BCR-free survival after RP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5341-5348
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Volume28
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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