Impact of N-isotope composition control of ferritic steel on classification of radioactive materials from fusion reactor

T. Hayashi, R. Kasada, K. Tobita, S. Nishio, T. Sawai, H. Tanigawa, S. Jitsukawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The possibility of reducing the concentration of 14C produced in irradiation of reduced activation ferritic steels (RAFS) intended as structural materials in first wall and blanket of fusion power plants was investigated. During RAFS irradiation 14C is mainly produced from the more abundant of the two isotopes of nitrogen present in the steel, namely 14N. The method proposed consists in increasing the enrichment of the other isotope (15N). One-dimension transport calculations show that for a typical DEMO blanket configuration an 15N enrichment from the natural value (0.37%) to 95% was sufficient to keep the end of life 14C concentration in the RAFS below the limit (3.7 × 107 Bq/kg) fixed by the Japanese Nuclear Safety Commission for qualifying it as a low level material (LLM) which can be disposed by shallow land burial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2850-2855
Number of pages6
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume82
Issue number15-24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Oct
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbon-14
  • Enrichment
  • Fusion reactor
  • Nitrogen-15
  • Radioactive material
  • Reduced-activation ferritic steel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

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