In patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), the association between stress-induced hyperglycemia (SIH) and long-term outcomes, as well as the effects of baseline diabetic status on this association remain elusive. To clarify the association between SIH and long-term outcomes, and the effects of baseline diabetic status on this association, we studied 6,287 STEMI patients who were discharged alive. SIH was estimated using the stress hyperglycemia ratio (SHR), which is defined as [(admission glucose (mg/dl))/(28.7 × HbA1c (%) − 46.7)]. End points were all-cause death and admission for heart failure (HF). We compared prognosis between patients in the highest SHR quartile and those in other quartiles of the nondiabetic and diabetic population. Over a follow-up of 5 years (median 1,522 days), 464 (7.4%) and 401 (6.4%) cases of all-cause death and HF admission were observed. In the nondiabetic population, the highest SHR quartile (Q4) group was significantly associated with worse long-term outcomes (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] (95% confidence interval [CI]), all-cause death; 1.45 (1.06 to 1.98), p = 0.021, HF admission; 1.48 (1.04 to 2.10), p = 0.031). However, in the diabetic population, SHR Q4 group was not significantly associated with worse long-term outcomes (adjusted HR (95% CI), all-cause death; 1.00 (0.68 - 1.48), p = 0.996, HF admission; 1.31 (0.90 to 1.89), p = 0.154). In conclusion, in STEMI patients discharged alive, high SHR was significantly associated with worse long-term prognosis in the nondiabetic population. In contrast, high SHR was not significantly associated with worse long-term prognosis in the diabetic population.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine