Impact of exercise training on myostatin expression in the myocardium and skeletal muscle in a chronic heart failure model

Karsten Lenk, Robert Schur, Axel Linke, Sandra Erbs, Yasuharu Matsumoto, Volker Adams, Gerhard Schuler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AimsIn late-stage chronic heart failure (CHF), elevated cytokines and cachexia are often observed. Several studies have shown that exercise training exerts beneficial effects on skeletal muscle in this setting. Furthermore, it has been shown that the expression of myostatin, a key regulator of skeletal muscle mass, is increased in a variety of cachectic states. This study aimed to investigate the expression of myostatin in CHF, the influence of exercise training on myostatin levels, and regulation of myostatin by tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α).Methods and resultsIn an animal model of CHF (LAD-ligation model), protein expression of myostatin was elevated 2.4-fold in the skeletal muscle and more than four-times in the myocardium, compared with control (Co). Exercise training on a treadmill over 4 weeks led to a significant reduction in myostatin protein expression in the skeletal muscle and the myocardium of CHF animals, with values returning to baseline levels. In differentiated C2C12 cells, TNF-α induced the expression of myostatin through a p38MAPK-dependent pathway involving nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB). The increased TNF-α mRNA levels in the skeletal muscle of CHF animals correlated significantly with myostatin expression.ConclusionThese alterations in myostatin expression in the skeletal and heart muscle following exercise training could help to explain the beneficial anti-catabolic effects of exercise training in CHF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)342-348
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chronic heart failure
  • Exercise training
  • Heart muscle
  • Myostatin
  • Skeletal muscle
  • TNF-α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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