Impact of clinical response to neoadjuvant endocrine therapy on patient outcomes: A follow-up study of JFMC34-0601 multicentre prospective neoadjuvant endocrine trial

Takayuki Ueno, Shigehira Saji, Norikazu Masuda, Katsumasa Kuroi, Nobuaki Sato, Hiroyuki Takei, Yutaka Yamamoto, Shinji Ohno, Hiroko Yamashita, Kazufumi Hisamatsu, Kenjiro Aogi, Hiroji Iwata, Takeharu Yamanaka, Hironobu Sasano, Masakazu Toi

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Neoadjuvant endocrine therapy (NET) has been demonstrated to improve breast-conserving rate and is a widely accepted treatment option for postmenopausal patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. There are few reports on the association of NET response and long-term outcomes. Objectives To investigate the prognostic value of clinical response to NET. Methods Long-term outcomes of NET were examined in 107 patients who participated in the multicentre prospective neoadjuvant exemestane study, JFMC34-0601. Patients were treated with 25 mg/day exemestane for 16 weeks followed by an 8-week extension depending on the treatment response. Results Clinical response included partial response (PR) in 58 patients, stable disease in 41 patients and progressive disease (PD) in 8 patients. Clinical response was significantly associated with disease-free survival (DFS), distant disease-free survival (DDFS) and overall survival (OS) (P<0.0001 for all). Especially, patients with PD showed markedly poor outcomes with median DFS=17.8 months (HR (vs PR): 7.7 (95% CI 1.6 to 33)) and median OS=37.7 months (HR (vs PR): 26.3 (95% CI 2.4 to 655)). Preoperative endocrine prognostic index (PEPI) were associated with DFS and marginally with OS (P=0.022 and 0.066, respectively). PEPI=0 indicated an excellent prognosis with 95% 5-year DFS (95% CI 73 to 99). In the multivariate analysis including T stage, nodal status and Ki67, clinical response was an independent prognostic factor for DFS, DDFS and OS (P=0.032, 0.0007 and 0.020, respectively), whereas PEPI was marginally associated with DFS and OS (P=0.079 and 0.068, respectively). Conclusions Clinical response to NET showed an independent prognostic value. Patients with PD had markedly poor prognosis, indicating a need of additional therapy. PEPI=0 indicated an excellent prognosis. The integration of clinical response and PEPI would improve decision-making with regard to treatment options for endocrine-responsive breast cancer when these results are validated in a larger clinical trial. Trial registration number UMIN C000000345.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere000314
JournalESMO Open
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 1

Keywords

  • breast cancer
  • clinical response
  • neoadjuvant endocrine therapy
  • pepi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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