Impact of changes of positive end-expiratory pressure on functional residual capacity at low tidal volume ventilation during general anesthesia

Daizoh Satoh, Shin Kurosawa, Wakaba Kirino, Toshihiro Wagatsuma, Yutaka Ejima, Akiko Yoshida, Hiroaki Toyama, Kei Nagaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Several reports in the literature have described the effects of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) level upon functional residual capacity (FRC) in ventilated patients during general anesthesia. This study compares FRC in mechanically low tidal volume ventilation with different PEEP levels during upper abdominal surgery. Methods: Before induction of anesthesia (awake) for nine patients with upper abdominal surgery, a tight-seal facemask was applied with 2 cmH2O pressure support ventilation and 100 % O2 during FRC measurements conducted on patients in a supine position. After tracheal intubation, lungs were ventilated with bilevel airway pressure with a volume guarantee (7 ml/kg predicted body weight) and with an inspired oxygen fraction (FIO2) of 0.4. PEEP levels of 0, 5, and 10 cmH2O were used. Each level of 5 and 10 cmH2O PEEP was maintained for 2 h. FRC was measured at each PEEP level. Results: FRC awake was significantly higher than that at PEEP 0 cmH2O (P < 0.01). FRC at PEEP 0 cmH 2O was significantly lower than that at 10 cmH2O (P < 0.01). PaO2/FIO2 awake was significantly higher than that for PEEP 0 cmH2O (P < 0.01). PaO2/FIO2 at PEEP 0 cmH2O was significantly lower than that for PEEP 5 cmH 2O or PEEP 10 cmH2O (P < 0.01). Furthermore, PEEP 0 cmH2O, PEEP 5 cmH2O after 2 h, and PEEP 10 cmH 2O after 2 h were correlated with FRC (R = 0.671, P < 0.01) and PaO2/FIO2 (R = 0.642, P < 0.01). Conclusions: Results suggest that PEEP at 10 cmH2O is necessary to maintain lung function if low tidal volume ventilation is used during upper abdominal surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)664-669
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Anesthesia
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct

Keywords

  • Functional residual capacity
  • General anesthesia
  • Low tidal volume ventilation
  • Positive end-expiratory pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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