Immunolocalization of aromatase in human minor salivary glands of the lower lip with primary Sjogren's syndrome

Ken Onodera, Hironobu Sasano, Ryo Ichinohasama, Kiyoshi Ooya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The enzyme aromatase is involved in the conversion of androgens to estrogens and in the modulation of various androgenic and estrogenic actions. Abnormalities of estrogen metabolism have been postulated to play roles in the development and/or pathophysiology of Sjogren's syndrome. In the present study, aromatase was immunolocalized in 75 cases of inflammatory disorders of human minor salivary glands of the lower lip. These included cases of primary Sjogren's syndrome (19 cases), of chronic sialadenitis (34 cases) and of mucous extravasation cysts (22 cases), in order to clarify the possible involvement of in situ estrogen production in primary Sjogren's syndrome. Aromatase immunoreactivity was detected in myoepithelial cells of acini and in. interstitial cells adjacent to acini and ducts in 13/19 (68%) cases of primary Sjogren's syndrome. In contrast, aromatase expression was detected in only six of 34 (18%) cases of chronic sialadenitis and in seven of 22 (32%) cases of mucous extravasation cyst. These results suggest that increased aromatase expression in minor salivary glands with primary Sjogren's syndrome in premenopausal women may be involved in the biological features of primary Sjogren's syndrome through the production of estrogens in situ and possibly through the aggravation of the inflammatory reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)786-790
Number of pages5
JournalPathology international
Volume48
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Aromatase
  • Estrogen
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Minor salivary glands
  • Sjogren's syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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