Immunohistochemical study of E-cadherin and ZO-1 in allergic nasal epithelium of the guinea pig

Noriko Kobayashi, Mari Dezawa, Hiroshi Nagata, Shigeki Yuasa, Akiyoshi Konno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nasal epithelial damage during allergic inflammation was studied by observing the distribution of cell adhesion molecule E-cadherin and tight junction (zonula occludens) cell-cell contact associated protein ZO-1. The guinea pig model of nasal allergy, sensitized with intraperitoneally administered ovalbumin (OA) and subsequently challenged with OA intranasally, was used. In control epithelium, E-cadherin immunoreactivity was detected continuously along neighboring epithelial cell borders. ZO-1 spot-like immunoreactivity was detected in the apicolateral portion of epithelial cells corresponding to the tight junction (TJ) position, but no changes in immunoreactivity were found between control and challenged epithelia. In the challenged epithelium of sensitized animals, marked infiltration of eosinophils and structural changes, such as widening of the intercellular spaces and detachment of adjacent epithelial cells, were observed concurrently. In addition, spots negative for E-cadherin immunoreactivity were noted in the epithelium, associated with the extracellular deposition of eosinophil granule proteins. Immunoelectron microscopy revealed a decrease or disappearance of E-cadherin immunoreactivity, which took place not only in regions where intercellular spaces were wide and adjacent epithelial cells were detached, but also at the point of contact between infiltrating eosinophils and epithelial cells. Approximately 87% of eosinophils observed in the challenged epithelium were associated with such loss of E-cadherin immunoreactivity. These results suggest that the intimate epithelial cell contact mediated by E-cadherin is loosened as a consequence of eosinophil infiltration, which may trigger the initial step of subsequent epithelial destruction in allergic states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-205
Number of pages10
JournalInternational archives of allergy and immunology
Volume116
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • E-cadherin
  • Eosinophil infiltration
  • Epithelial damage
  • Nasal allergy
  • Nasal mucosa
  • Tight junction
  • ZO-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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