Immunohistochemical studies on the localisation and ontogeny of heart fatty acid binding protein in the rat

M. Watanabe, T. Ono, H. Kondo

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50 Citations (Scopus)


The localisation and ontogenic expression of heart fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) were immunochemically examined in the entire body of the rat. In muscles, H-FABP immunoreactivity was observed not only in cardiac muscle cells but also in red skeletal muscles, where gold particles indicating the immunoreaction sites are distributed evenly in the sarcoplasm except for the interior of membranous organelles. In the urogenital system, the immunoreactivity was preferentially demonstrated in the distal tubular epithelial cells in the kidney, and in the superficial epithelial cells in the urinary bladder. The H-FABP immunoreactivity was further found in cells characterised by numerous lipid droplets, such as interstitial cells of the theca interna in the ovary and those of Leydig in the testis, and cell Element III in the placenta. In the digestive system, parietal cells in the stomach and pancreatic β-cells were immunoreactive to H-FABP. In addition, capillary endothelial cells were immunostained in the cardiac and red skeletal muscles, the exocrine pancreas, digestive tract and thymus. From the rather wide distribution of H-FABP, it is suggested the H-FABP plays some fundamental roles in the active metabolism of fatty acids in the body. The present findings also indicate that H-FABP is a useful marker for the morphological study of interstitial cells in the ovary and testis and parietal cells in the stomach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-95
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Anatomy
Publication statusPublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology


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