Type I collagen, fibronectin and tenascin C play an important role in regulating early osteoblast differentiation, but the temporal and spatial relationship of their localization during embryonic osteogenesis in vivo is not known. The present study was designed to localize these three molecules in the dentary of mandibles and tibias in rat embryos using immunohistochemistry. Serial paraffin sections were cut and adjacent sections were processed for von Kossa staining or immunohistochemistry for type I collagen, fibronectin and tenascin C. In the dentary, tenascin C was localized within and around the mesenchymal cell condensation in embryos at 14 days in utero. The bone matrix at 15 days showed immunoreactivity for both type I collagen and fibronectin. The immunoreactivity of type I collagen was persistent, whereas that of fibronectin decreased with age of embryos. In tibias, tenascin C was localized in the perichondral mesenchymal tissue at 17 days. Immunoreactivity for type I collagen was persistent in the bone matrix, whereas the tibial bone showed little immunoreactivity for fibronectin at any embryonic age examined. The present study demonstrated characteristic localization of type I collagen, fibronectin and tenascin C during embryonic osteogenesis in the dentary of mandibles and tibias.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology