Immunohistochemical localization of cyclooxygenase-1 and -2 in synovial tissues from patients with internal derangement or osteoarthritis of the temporomandibular joint

H. Seki, M. Fukuda, M. Iino, T. Takahashi, N. Yoshioka

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the immunohistochemical expression and localization of cyclooxygenase-1 and -2 (COX-1 and COX-2) in synovial tissues from patients with internal derangement (ID) or osteoarthritis (OA) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Synovial tissues from patients with condylar fractures of the mandible were studied as control. Synovial tissues from 13 TMJs of 10 patients with ID or OA and from 5 TMJs of 4 patients with fractures were examined for COX-1 and COX-2 expression by immunohistochemical staining using two monoclonal antibodies. In addition, whether the COX-2 expression grade correlated with the synovitis score and clinical findings was assessed. COX-2 was expressed in the synovial lining, infiltrating mononuclear cells, fibroblast-like cells, and blood vessels, including CD31-positive endothelial cells, in the synovium of patients with ID or OA. Expression levels of COX-1 in synovial lining cells and endothelial cells were similar in the specimens obtained from the patients with ID or OA and those obtained from the controls. The expression of COX-2 positively correlated with arthroscopic findings of synovitis (ρ=0.55, P=0.023) and with joint pain (ρ=0.56, P=0.021). These results suggest that up-regulation of COX-2 in synovium may play a part in the pathogenesis of synovitis in patients with ID or OA of the TMJ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-692
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume33
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cyclooxygenase
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Internal derangement
  • Joint pain
  • Synovitis
  • Synovium
  • Temporomandibular joint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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