Immunohistochemical expression levels of cyclin D1 and CREPT reflect the course and prognosis in oral precancerous lesions and squamous cell carcinoma

Y. J. Siril, A. Kouketsu, H. Saito, T. Takahashi, H. Kumamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cyclin D1 is the most essential progressive regulator of the cell cycle, and its transcription is enhanced by CREPT (cell cycle-related and expression-elevated protein in tumour). These molecules regulate cell growth, and their aberrant expression can cause malignant transformation. In this study, the expression of these molecules was explored to investigate the molecular alterations in oral precancerous lesions and squamous cell carcinoma. Cyclin D1 and CREPT expression was examined immunohistochemically in tissue specimens from 55 patients with oral epithelial precursor lesions (OEPLs) and 84 patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Associations between the results and clinicopathological variables were examined. Cyclin D1 and CREPT expression levels were higher in OSCC than in OEPLs. Furthermore, there were statistically significant differences in cyclin D1 expression among the different grades of OEPLs and OSCC lesions. In OSCC, there were statistically significant differences in CREPT expression according to sex, T stage, and degree of differentiation. In addition, the expression of both molecules was significantly correlated with postoperative metastasis and modes of invasion. The expression of cyclin D1 and CREPT was found to depend upon the state of development and progression of the oral epithelial lesions, and clinicopathological behaviours might be affected by these molecules in OSCC.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • CREPT
  • cyclin D1
  • immunohistochemistry
  • oral squamous cell carcinoma
  • precancerous conditions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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