Histochemical evidence is required to demonstrate the presence of biochemically defined cytosolic sialidase. To meet this requirement, we examined the immunohistochemical localization of the enzyme in rat skeletal muscles. Sections of chemically fixed tissues were incubated with a polyclonal antibody raised against a synthetic peptide which corresponded to a part of the enzyme protein. After incubation with the primary antibody, cryosections for fluorescence microscopy and resin sections for electron microscopy were incubated with a fluorochrome- and colloidal gold-labeled secondary antibody, respectively. Immunofluorescence was diffusely distributed in the muscle fibers and was also found in the perimysium and blood vessels. Many immunogold particles were scattered over the sarcoplasm, myofibrils, nucleoplasm, and matrix of mitochondria. The immunogold particles were also found in the equivalent compartments of axons, Schwann cells, and cells of endomysium and blood vessels. The specificity of the primary antibody was elucidated by immunoblotting and an immunoprecipitation test. These findings clearly indicate that this type of sialidase is essentially located in the cytosolic compartment. Consequently, the name, cytosolic sialidase, will be appropriate for this enzyme. Additionally it is indicated that this enzyme is also present in cells other than skeletal muscle fibers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Medical Laboratory Technology
- Cell Biology