Background: To evaluate the roles of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) in tumor progression, expression of MMP-1, -2 and -9 and TIMP-1 and -2 was analyzed in ameloblastomas as well as tooth germs. Methods: Frozen tissue sections of seven tooth germs and 22 ameloblastomas were immunohistochemically examined using anti-MMP-1, -2 and -9 and anti-TIMP-1 and -2 antibodies. Results: MMP-1, -2 and -9 and TIMP-1 and -2 were expressed strongly in mesenchymal components of tooth germs, and stromal cells of ameloblastomas. Immunoreactivity for MMP-9 in stromal cells of ameloblastomas was significantly stronger than in mesenchymal cells of dental follicles and dental papillae. Dental laminae showed weak MMP-2 expression in six tooth germs, MMP-9 expression in two tooth germs and TIMP-1 expression in six tooth germs. Some tumor cells showed weak MMP-2 expression in 19 ameloblastomas, MMP-9 expression in four ameloblastomas and TIMP-1 expression in all cases. TIMP-2 reactivity was prominently found in basement membrane zones of dental laminae in tooth germs, and tumor cell islands or nests in ameloblastomas. Conclusion: Expression of MMPs and TIMPs was considered to be associated with interactions between epithelial cells and mesenchymal components in normal and neoplastic odontogenic tissues; these molecules might play a role in regulation of tumor progression in ameloblastomas as well as regulation of developmental processes in tooth germs.
- Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)
- Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Oral Surgery
- Cancer Research