High serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels are associated with cardiovascular events. We aimed to evaluate the association between total IgE levels during the first trimester of pregnancy and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) development in a large Japanese cohort. We analysed data pertaining to singleton primipara pregnancies recorded in the Japan Environment and Children’s Study involving births from 2011 to 2014. Serum IgE levels were determined using the immunonephelometric technique. High serum IgE was defined as level ≥ 170 IU/ml. Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) were categorized into early onset (Eo) PIH (developed < 34 weeks) or late onset (Lo) PIH (developed ≧ 34 weeks). A multiple logistic regression model was used to estimate the risk of high serum IgE levels on PIH, Eo-PIH, and Lo-PIH. Overall, 32,518 participants were enrolled. The prevalence of total, Eo-, and Lo-PIH was 3.2%, 0.6%, and 2.3%, respectively. Patients with high serum IgE levels had an increased risk of Lo-HDP (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]:1.19, 95% confidence interval 1.01–1.40). No correlation was found with either PIH (total) or Eo-PIH. High serum IgE levels during the first trimester were associated with the risk of Lo-PIH. Our results could influence and shape further research regarding the pathogenesis of Lo hypertension.
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