Adrenomedullin 2/intermedin (AM2/IMD) is a novel member of the calcitonin/calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) peptide family. AM2/IMD has a vasodilator action, and antidiuretic and antinatriuretic effects in mice. The aim of the present study is to clarify immunolocalization of AM2/IMD in human hypothalamus, heart and kidney obtained at autopsy. Immunocytochemistry showed AM2/IMD-immunoreactive cell bodies in the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei of human hypothalamus. Both parvocellular and magnocellular cells in the paravetricular nucleus are immunostained with AM2/IMD. Immunostaining of serial sections showed co-localization of AM2/IMD-like immunoreactivity and vasopressin in the paraventricular nucleus. Myocardial cells of the heart and renal tubular cells were positively immunostained with AM2/IMD, whereas neither renal glomeruli nor vasculature in the heart and kidney were immunostained. Reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction confirmed expression of AM2/IMD mRNA in the brain, pituitary, heart and kidney. The present study has shown the wide expression of AM2/IMD in human hypothalamus, heart and kidney, raising the possibility that this novel peptide may be related to the central and peripheral regulation of the circulation and water-electrolyte metabolism.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience