Immotile cilia mechanically sense the direction of fluid flow for left-right determination

Takanobu A. Katoh, Toshihiro Omori, Katsutoshi Mizuno, Xiaorei Sai, Katsura Minegishi, Yayoi Ikawa, Hiromi Nishimura, Takeshi Itabashi, Eriko Kajikawa, Sylvain Hiver, Atsuko H. Iwane, Takuji Ishikawa, Yasushi Okada, Takayuki Nishizaka, Hiroshi Hamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Immotile cilia at the ventral node of mouse embryos are required for sensing leftward fluid flow that breaks left-right symmetry of the body. However, the flow-sensing mechanism has long remained elusive. In this work, we show that immotile cilia at the node undergo asymmetric deformation along the dorsoventral axis in response to the flow. Application of mechanical stimuli to immotile cilia by optical tweezers induced calcium ion transients and degradation of Dand5 messenger RNA (mRNA) in the targeted cells. The Pkd2 channel protein was preferentially localized to the dorsal side of immotile cilia, and calcium ion transients were preferentially induced by mechanical stimuli directed toward the ventral side. Our results uncover the biophysical mechanism by which immotile cilia at the node sense the direction of fluid flow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-71
Number of pages6
Issue number6627
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan 6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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