Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) has been employed for a comparative structural characterization, down to the atomic scale, of a representative set of porous carbons with different adsorption characteristics and prepared either by activation (physical or chemical) or templating techniques. The studied materials included a chemically activated, supermicroporous high surface area carbon, two activated carbons containing both micro- and mesopores synthesized by physical activation, an ultramicroporous carbon molecular sieve, and an ordered microporous carbon templated in the nanochannels of zeolite Y. In general, good agreement was found between the porous structures as imaged by STM and the porous texture derived from gas adsorption data for all the carbons investigated. The activated carbon samples were dominated by networks of slit type micropores and, in some cases, by mesopores of varied morphologies. By contrast, the zeolite-templated carbon exhibited rounded micropore morphology, and the carbon molecular sieve displayed a rather featureless conformation dominated by voids only below 1 nm wide. The structural differences observed by STM were interpreted in terms of the different preparation procedures of the studied carbons. In particular, the templated carbon consisted of minute clusters about 1 nm in diameter that were interpreted to be formed within the extremely confined, microporous spaces of the zeolite Y template.
- Porous carbon
- Scanning tunneling microscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)