Identification of the chromosomal region responsible for high-temperature stress tolerance during the grain-filling period in rice

Kenta Shirasawa, Takuma Sekii, Yoshinori Ogihara, Teppei Yamada, Sachiko Shirasawa, Sachie Kishitani, Kunihiko Sasaki, Minoru Nishimura, Kuniaki Nagano, Takeshi Nishio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An unusually high temperature during the grain-filling period, such as that caused by global warming, impairs the quality of rice (Oryza sativa L.) grains. This sensitivity to high-temperature stress is different among cultivars, suggesting the possibility of developing a high-temperature-tolerant cultivar. Since marker-assisted selection would reduce time and labor in breeding for such a quantitative trait, we determined the chromosomal region responsible for high-temperature tolerance during the grain-filling period. A high-temperature-sensitive japonica cultivar Tohoku 168 and a tolerant japonica cultivar Kokoromachi were selected as the parental lines of recombinant inbred lines (RILs) by high-temperature stress treatment from 5 to 10 days after anthesis, which was found to be the period most critical for grain quality. Using the RILs, whose genotypes were determined by analysis with 131 DNA markers which were selected as polymorphic markers between these two cultivars from 2,648 DNA markers tested, the quantitative trait locus (QTL) for the percentage of white-back grains was mapped on chromosome 6. The Kokoromachi allele of the QTL, which had a positive additive effect on the high-temperature tolerance, was introduced into the Tohoku 168 genome by repeated backcrossings with marker-assisted selection. Using high-temperature stress treatment of the near isogenic lines developed, the QTL on chromosome 6 was localized within a 1.9-Mb region between two DNA markers, ktIndel001 and RFT1. These DNA markers would be useful not only for breeding high-temperature-tolerant cultivars but also for map-based cloning of the QTL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-232
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Breeding
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jun

Keywords

  • DNA marker
  • Marker-assisted selection
  • NILs
  • QTL
  • White-back grains

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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