Identification of severe combined immunodeficiency by T-cell receptor excision circles quantification using neonatal Guthrie cards

Yoichi Morinishi, Kohsuke Imai, Noriko Nakagawa, Hiroki Sato, Katsuyuki Horiuchi, Yoshitoshi Ohtsuka, Yumi Kaneda, Takashi Taga, Hiroaki Hisakawa, Ryosuke Miyaji, Mikiya Endo, Tsutomu Oh-Ishi, Yoshiro Kamachi, Koshi Akahane, Chie Kobayashi, Masahiro Tsuchida, Tomohiro Morio, Yoji Sasahara, Satoru Kumaki, Keiko IshigakiMakoto Yoshida, Tomonari Urabe, Norimoto Kobayashi, Yuri Okimoto, Janine Reichenbach, Yoshiko Hashii, Yoichiro Tsuji, Kazuhiro Kogawa, Seiji Yamaguchi, Hirokazu Kanegane, Toshio Miyawaki, Masafumi Yamada, Tadashi Ariga, Shigeaki Nonoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To assess the feasibility of T-cell receptor excision circles (TRECs) quantification for neonatal mass screening of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). Study design Real-time PCR based quantification of TRECs for 471 healthy control patients and 18 patients with SCID with various genetic abnormalities (IL2RG, JAK3, ADA, LIG4, RAG1) were performed, including patients with maternal T-cell engraftment (n = 4) and leaky T cells (n = 3). Results TRECs were detectable in all normal neonatal Guthrie cards (n = 326) at the levels of 104 to 105 copies/mg DNA. In contrast, TRECs were extremely low in all neonatal Guthrie cards (n = 15) and peripheral blood (n = 14) from patients with SCID, including those with maternal T-cell engraftment or leaky T cells with hypomorphic RAG1 mutations or LIG4 deficiency. There were no false-positive or negative results in this study. Conclusion TRECs quantification can be used as a neonatal mass screening for patients with SCID.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-833
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume155
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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