Identification of safety gaps for fusion demonstration reactors

Y. Wu, Z. Chen, L. Hu, M. Jin, Y. Li, J. Jiang, J. Yu, C. Alejaldre, E. Stevens, K. Kim, D. Maisonnier, A. Kalashnikov, K. Tobita, D. Jackson, D. Perrault

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

126 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To assist in the development of nuclear fusion as a viable commercial power source, preparation is underway for the fusion demonstration reactor (DEMO), which will build on the work of ITER, the international experimental fusion reactor. Like other advanced nuclear energy systems, DEMO must satisfy several goals including a high level of public and worker safety, low environmental impact, high reactor availability, a closed fuel cycle and the potential to be economically competitive. Yet there are still large scientific and technological safety gaps between the on-going ITER project and DEMO that will need to be addressed. Here we review international fusion safety research and development relevant to DEMO, following the lessons learned so far from ITER. We identify the main scientific and technological safety gaps, drawing on knowledge from the development of fission energy, in particular Generation IV (Gen-IV) fission reactors. From this survey, we discuss the corresponding implications for the design and operation of DEMO.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16154
JournalNature Energy
Volume1
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Identification of safety gaps for fusion demonstration reactors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this