Identification of risk factors for mortality and delayed oral dietary intake in patients with open drainage due to deep neck infections: A nationwide study using a Japanese inpatient database

Hiroshi Hidaka, Kunio Tarasawa, Kenji Fujimori, Taku Obara, Kiyohide Fushimi, Tomofumi Sakagami, Masao Yagi, Hiroshi Iwai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Backgrounds: Data on risk factors for deep neck infection including descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) have been limited. Using a nationwide database, the aim was identifying the factors related to patient death and delay in recovering oral intake. Methods: Data of 4949 patients were extracted from a Japanese inpatient database between 2012 and 2017. The main outcome was survival at discharge. In a subgroup analysis of the 4949 patients with survival, the second outcome was delay in the interval between admission and full recovery of oral intake. Results: Only a few factors (advanced-age, ventilation) were associated with both mortality and delayed oral dietary intake by logistic regression analyses. Conversely, several factors including DNM (adjusted-odds ratio [OR] 1.41) and repeated surgery (adjusted-OR 1.70) were significantly related only to delayed oral dietary intake. Conclusions: Although DNM was not necessarily related to mortality, patients with DNM should receive careful attention to avoid delayed oral dietary intake.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHead and Neck
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • DPC database
  • abscess
  • deep neck infection
  • descending necrotizing mediastinitis
  • logistic regression analysis
  • mortality
  • odds ratio
  • oral intake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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