The costimulatory molecule 4-1BB and its ligand 4-1BBL can control adaptive immunity, but here we show that their interaction also suppressed myelopoiesis. We found that 4-1BBL was expressed on hematopoietic stem cells, differentiating common myeloid progenitors and granulocyte-macrophage progenitors, and 4-1BB was inducible on activated myeloid progenitors. Steady-state numbers of granulocyte-macrophage progenitors, myeloid-lineage cells and mature dendritic cells were higher in 4-1BB- and 4-1BBL-deficient mice, indicative of a negative function, and we confirmed that result with bone marrow chimeras and in vitro, where the absence of interactions between 4-1BB and 4-1BBL led to enhanced differentiation into dendritic cell lineages. The regulatory activity was mediated by 4-1BBL, with binding by 4-1BB inhibiting differentiation of myeloid progenitors. Thus, 4-1BB and 4-1BBL have a previously unknown function in limiting myelopoiesis and the development of dendritic cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy