Identification of microseismic multiplets in the frequency domain and interpretation of reservoir structure at Basel, Switzerland

Hiroshi Asanuma, Yusuke Kumano, Hirokazu Moriya, Hiroaki Niitsuma, Ulrich Schanz, Markus Häring

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Microseismic multiplets, which are groups of events showing highly similar waveform despite different origin time and magnitude, can be effectively used to determine relative location of the hypocenters with high accuracy. The authors clustered multiplets from microseismic events collected during a hydraulic stimulation in the Deep Heat Mining Project at Basel, Switzerland in 2006. The similarity of waveform was quantitatively evaluated in the frequency domain using the magnitude square coherence function, and this made it possible to cluster the events with different criteria which correlate to different physical phenomena associated with shear slip on fractures. We then interpreted the behavior of each multiplet cluster from the orientation and size of the multiplet seismic structure, fault plane solution, source radius, and hydraulic record. Multiplets which correlate to (a) identical shear slip on a macroscopic single fracture or thin fracture network, (b) repeating slip within a microscopic fracture, and (c) extension of rupture zone on a microscopic fracture, are identified and their response to the stimulation was also interpreted.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication78th Society of Exploration Geophysicists International Exposition and Annual Meeting, SEG 2008
PublisherSociety of Exploration Geophysicists
Pages1451-1455
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9781605607856
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1
Event78th Society of Exploration Geophysicists International Exposition and Annual Meeting, SEG 2008 - Las Vegas, United States
Duration: 2008 Nov 92008 Nov 14

Publication series

Name78th Society of Exploration Geophysicists International Exposition and Annual Meeting, SEG 2008

Other

Other78th Society of Exploration Geophysicists International Exposition and Annual Meeting, SEG 2008
CountryUnited States
CityLas Vegas
Period08/11/908/11/14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics

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