Identification of impact force acting on composite laminated plates using the radiated sound measured with microphones

Satoshi Atobe, Shunsuke Nonami, Ning Hu, Hisao Fukunaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Foreign object impact events are serious threats to composite laminates because impact damage leads to significant degradation of the mechanical properties of the structure. Identification of the location and force history of the impact that was applied to the structure can provide useful information for assessing the structural integrity. This study proposes a method for identifying impact forces acting on CFRP (carbon fiber reinforced plastic) laminated plates on the basis of the sound radiated from the impacted structure. Identification of the impact location and force history is performed using the sound pressure measured with microphones. To devise a method for identifying the impact location from the difference in the arrival times of the sound wave detected with the microphones, the propagation path of the sound wave from the impacted point to the sensor is examined. For the identification of the force history, an experimentally constructed transfer matrix is employed to relate the force history to the corresponding sound pressure. To verify the validity of the proposed method, impact tests are conducted by using a CFRP cross-ply laminate as the specimen, and an impulse hammer as the impactor. The experimental results confirm the validity of the present method for identifying the impact location from the arrival time of the sound wave detected with the microphones. Moreover, the results of force history identification show the feasibility of identifying the force history accurately from the measured sound pressure using the experimental transfer matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-268
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Volume405
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 29

Keywords

  • Composite laminates
  • Force history
  • Identification
  • Impact location
  • Sound radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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