Identification of honeybee antennal proteins/genes expressed in a sex- and/or caste selective manner

Azusa Kamikouchi, Mizue Morioka, Takeo Kubo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


We identified three candidate proteins/genes involved in caste and/or sex-specific olfactory processing in the honeybee Apis mellifera L., that are differentially expressed between the antennae of the worker, queen, and drone honeybees using SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis or the differential display method. A protein was identified, termed D-AP1, that was expressed preferentially in drone antennae when compared to those of workers. cDNA cloning revealed that D-AP1 is homologous to carboxylesterases. Enzymatic carboxylesterase activity in the drone antennae was higher than in the workers, suggesting its dominant function in the drone antennae. In contrast, two proteins encoded by genes termed W-AP1 and Amwat were expressed preferentially in worker antennae when compared to those of queens. W-AP1 is homologous to insect chemosensory protein, and Amwat encodes a novel secretory protein. W-AP1 is expressed selectively in worker antennae, while Amwat is expressed both in the antennae and legs of the workers. These findings suggest that these proteins are involved in the antennal function characteristic to drone or worker honeybees.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-62
Number of pages10
JournalZoological Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan
Externally publishedYes


  • Antenna
  • Caste
  • Honeybee
  • Olfactory processing
  • Sex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology


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