Our previous study showed Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 Tax induces osteopontin (OPN) expression by transactivating its promoter. As an extension, we investigated here the possible influence of Tax on CD44, an important receptor for OPN. Co-expression of Tax, but not its NF-κB-defective mutant, significantly increased the reporter gene expression directed by CD44 promoter. Tax-mediated CD44 activation was largely diminished by disrupting an element similar to the noncanonical κβ site found in other IKKα target genes, and further, co-transfection of RelB siRNA abolished CD44 induction by Tax, suggesting an involvement of noncanonical NF-κB pathway in Tax-mediated transactivation. Consistently, chromatin immunoprecipitation revealed a specific interaction of CD44 promoter with RelB-containing complex. Together, these results indicate that D44 gene is one of the downstream target genes of aberrantly activated noncanonical NF-κB signaling by Tax, providing an additional line of evidence explaining how Tax-induced NF-κB signaling is integrated into a fate-determining cellular program.
- Noncanonical NF-B signaling
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