Identification of assembly precursors to photosystems emitting fluorescence at 683 nm and 687 nm by cryogenic fluorescence microspectroscopy

Tomofumi Chiba, Yutaka Shibata

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Photosystem I (PSI) and photosystem II (PSII) play key roles in photoinduced electron-transfer reaction in oxygenic photosynthesis. Assemblies of these PSs can be initiated by illumination of the etiolated seedlings (greening). The study aimed to identify specific fluorescence spectral components relevant to PSI and PSII assembly intermediates emerging in greening seedlings of Zea mays, a typical C4 plant. The different PSII contents between the bundle sheath (BS) and mesophyll (M) cells were utilized to spectrally isolate the precursors to PSI and PSII. The greening Zea mays leaf thin sections were observed with the cryogenic microscope combined with a spectrometer. With the aid of the singular-value decomposition analysis, we could identify four independent fluorescent species, SAS677, SAS685, SAS683, and SAS687, named after their fluorescence peak wavelengths. SAS677 and SAS685 are the dominant components after the 30-minute greening, and the distributions of these components showed no clear differences between M and BS cells, indicating immature cell differentiation in this developing stage. On the other hand, the 1-hour greening resulted in reduced distributions of SAS683 in BS cells leading us to assign this species to PSII precursors. The 2-hour greening induced the enrichment of SAS687 in BS cells suggesting its PSI relevance. Similarity in the peak wavelengths of SAS683 and the reported reaction center of PSII implied their connection. SAS687 showed an intense sub-band at around 740 nm, which can be assigned to the emission from the red chlorophylls specific to the mature PSI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number148090
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics
Volume1860
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • C4 plant
  • Etiolated seedling
  • Photosystem I
  • Photosystem II
  • Singular-value decomposition
  • Zea mays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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