Identification of Arabidopsis subtilisin-like serine protease specifically expressed in root stele by gene trapping

Takeshi Kuroha, Asako Okuda, Masahiro Arai, Yuta Komatsu, Shusei Sato, Tomohiko Kato, Satoshi Tabata, Shinobu Satoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Xylem plays a role not only in the transport of water and nutrients but also in the regulation of growth and development through the transport of biologically active substances. In addition to mineral salts, xylem sap contains hormones, organic nutrients and proteins. However, the physiological functions of most of those substances remain unclear. To explore genes involved in xylem sap production, we identified Arabidopsis genes expressed in the root stele of the root hair zone from gene-trap lines by randomly inserting the β-glucuronidase gene into the genome. Among 26 000 gene-trap lines, we found that 10 lines had β-glucuronidase (GUS) staining predominantly in the root stele of the root hair zone and no GUS staining in the shoots. Of these 10 lines, 2 lines showed that gene-trap tags inserted into the promoter region of the same gene, denoted Arabidopsis thaliana subtilase 4.12(AtSBT4.12). Analysis of AtSBT4.12 promoter using an pAtSBT4.12::β-glucuronidase transgenic line showed that the AtSBT4.12 gene was expressed only in the root stele of the root hair zone. AtSBT4.12 expression in roots was increased by application of methyl jasmonate. Subtilase proteins are commonly detected in proteomic analyses of xylem sap from various plant species, including Brassica napus, a relative of Arabidopsis. These results suggest that AtSBT4.12 may be a protein localized in the apoplast of root stele including xylem vessel and involved in stress responses in Arabidopsis roots.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-288
Number of pages8
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume137
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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