Background: Circulating proteins are exposed to vascular endothelial layer and influence their functions. Among them, adipsin is a member of the trypsin family of peptidases and is mainly secreted from adipocytes, monocytes, and macrophages, catalyzing the rate-limiting step of the alternative complement pathway. However, its pathophysiological role in cardiovascular disease remains to be elucidated. Here, we examined whether serum adipsin levels have a prognostic impact in patients with coronary artery disease. Methods and Results: In 370 consecutive patients undergoing diagnostic coronary angiography, we performed a cytokine array analysis for screening serum levels of 50 cytokines/chemokines and growth factors. Among them, classification and regression analysis identified adipsin as the best biomarker for prediction of their long-term prognosis (median 71 months; interquartile range, 55–81 months). Kaplan–Meier curve showed that higher adipsin levels (≥400 ng/mL) were significantly associated with all-cause death (hazard ratio [HR], 4.2; 95% CI, 1.7–10.6 [P<0.001]) and rehospitalization (HR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.7–3.5 [P<0.001]). Interestingly, higher high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels (≥1 mg/L) were significantly correlated with all-cause death (HR, 3.2; 95% CI, 1.7–5.9 [P<0.001]) and rehospitalization (HR, 1.5, 95% CI, 1.1–1.9 [P<0.01]). Importantly, the combination of adipsin (≥400 ng/mL) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (≥1 mg/L) was more significantly associated with all-cause death (HR, 21.0; 95% CI, 2.9–154.1 [P<0.001]). Finally, the receiver operating characteristic curve demonstrated that serum adipsin levels predict the death caused by acute myocardial infarction in patients with coronary artery disease (C-statistic, 0.847). Conclusions: These results indicate that adipsin is a novel biomarker that predicts all-cause death and rehospitalization in patients with coronary artery disease, demonstrating the novel aspects of the alternative complementary system in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease.
- coronary artery disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine