Identification of a novel missense mutation of MAF in a Japanese family with congenital cataract by whole exome sequencing: A clinical report and review of literature

Yoko Narumi, Sachiko Nishina, Motoharu Tokimitsu, Yoko Aoki, Rika Kosaki, Keiko Wakui, Noriyuki Azuma, Toshinori Murata, Fumio Takada, Yoshimitsu Fukushima, Tomoki Kosho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Congenital cataracts are the most important cause of severe visual impairment in infants. Genetic factors contribute to the disease development and 29 genes are known to cause congenital cataracts. Identifying the genetic cause of congenital cataracts can be difficult because of genetic heterogeneity. V-maf avian musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene homolog (MAF) encodes a basic region/leucine zipper transcription factor that plays a key role as a regulator of embryonic lens fiber cell development. MAF mutations have been reported to cause juvenile-onset pulverulent cataract, microcornea, iris coloboma, and other anterior segment dysgenesis. We report on six patients in a family who have congenital cataracts were identified MAF mutation by whole exome sequencing (WES). The heterozygous MAF mutation Q303L detected in the present family occurs in a well conserved glutamine residue at the basic region of the DNA-binding domain. All affected members showed congenital cataracts. Three of the six members showed microcornea and one showed iris coloboma. Congenital cataracts with MAF mutation exhibited phenotypically variable cataracts within the family. Review of the patients with MAF mutations supports the notion that congenital cataracts caused by MAF mutations could be accompanied by microcornea and/or iris coloboma. WES is a useful tool for detecting disease-causing mutations in patients with genetically heterogeneous conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1272-1276
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Volume164
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May

Keywords

  • Congenital cataract
  • Iris coloboma
  • MAF
  • Microcornea
  • Whole exome sequencing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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