Identification of a Novel Chloride Channel Expressed in the Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi Apparatus, and Nucleus

Masahiro Nagasawa, Makoto Kanzaki, Yuichi Iino, Yasuo Morishita, Itaru Kojima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

MID-1 is a Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene encoding a stretch-activated channel. Using MID-1 as a molecular probe, we isolated rat cDNA encoding a protein with four putative transmembrane domains. This gene encoded a protein of 541 amino acids. We also cloned the human homologue, which encoded 551 amino acids. Messenger RNA for this gene was expressed abundantly in the testis and moderately in the spleen, liver, kidney, heart, brain, and lung. In the testis, immunoreactivity of the gene product was detected both in the cytoplasm and the nucleus. When expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells, the gene product was located in intracellular compartments including endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi apparatus. When microsome fraction obtained from the transfected cells, but not from mock-transfected cells, was incorporated into the lipid bilayer, an anion channel activity was detected. Unitary conductance was 70 picosiemens in symmetric 150 mM KCI solution. We designated this gene Mid-1-related chloride channel (MCLC). MCLC encodes a new class of chloride channel expressed in intracellular compartments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20413-20418
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jun 8

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Identification of a Novel Chloride Channel Expressed in the Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi Apparatus, and Nucleus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this