Identification by proteomic analysis of calreticulin as a marker for bladder cancer and evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of its detection in urine

Susumu Kageyama, Takahiro Isono, Hideaki Iwaki, Yoshihiko Wakabayashi, Yusaku Okada, Keiichi Kontani, Koji Yoshimura, Akito Terai, Yoichi Arai, Tatsuhiro Yoshiki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

115 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: New methods for detection of bladder cancer are needed because cystoscopy is both invasive and expensive and urine cytology has low sensitivity. We screened proteins as tumor markers for bladder cancer by proteomic analysis of cancerous and healthy tissues and investigated the diagnostic accuracy of one such marker in urine. Methods: Three specimens of bladder cancer and healthy urothelium, respectively, were used for proteome differential display using narrow-pH-range two-dimensional electrophoresis. To evaluate the presence of calreticulin (CRT) as detected by Western blotting, we obtained 22 cancerous and 10 noncancerous surgical specimens from transurethral resection or radical cystectomy. To evaluate urinary CRT, we collected 70 and 181 urine samples from patients with and without bladder cancer, respectively. Anti-CRT COOH-tenninus antibody was used to detect CRT in tissue and urine. Results: Proteomic analysis revealed increased CRT (55 kDa; pI 4.3) in cancer tissue. Quantitative Western blot analysis showed that CRT was increased in cancer tissue (P = 0.0003). Urinary CRT had a sensitivity of 73% (95% confidence interval, 62-83%) at a specificity of 86% (80-91%) for bladder cancer in the samples tested. Conclusions: Proteomic analysis is useful in searching for candidate proteins as biomarkers and led to the identification of urinary CRT. The diagnostic accuracy of urinary CRT for bladder cancer appears comparable to that of Food and Drug Administration-cleared urinary markers, but further studies are needed to determine its diagnostic role.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)857-866
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Chemistry
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 May

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Identification by proteomic analysis of calreticulin as a marker for bladder cancer and evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of its detection in urine'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Kageyama, S., Isono, T., Iwaki, H., Wakabayashi, Y., Okada, Y., Kontani, K., Yoshimura, K., Terai, A., Arai, Y., & Yoshiki, T. (2004). Identification by proteomic analysis of calreticulin as a marker for bladder cancer and evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of its detection in urine. Clinical Chemistry, 50(5), 857-866. https://doi.org/10.1373/clinchem.2003.027425