Identification and estimation of time-varying nonseparable panel data models without stayers

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This paper explores the identification and estimation of nonseparable panel data models. We show that the structural function is nonparametrically identified when it is strictly increasing in a scalar unobservable variable, the conditional distributions of unobservable variables do not change over time, and the joint support of explanatory variables satisfies some weak assumptions. To identify the target parameters, existing studies assume that the structural function does not change over time, and that there are “stayers”, namely individuals with the same regressor values in two time periods. Our approach, by contrast, allows the structural function to depend on the time period in an arbitrary manner and does not require the existence of stayers. In estimation part of the paper, we propose parametric and nonparametric estimators that implement our identification results. Monte Carlo studies indicate that our parametric estimator performs well in finite samples. Finally, we extend our identification results to models with discrete outcomes, and show that the structural function is partially identified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-208
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Econometrics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar
Externally publishedYes


  • Nonparametric identification
  • Nonseparable models
  • Panel data
  • Unobserved heterogeneity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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