Hypothermia in victims of the Great East Japan earthquake: A survey in miyagi prefecture

Hajime Furukawa, Daisuke Kudo, Atsuhiro Nakagawa, Takashi Matsumura, Yoshiko Abe, Ryota Konishi, Satoshi Yamanouchi, Satoru Ishibashi, Masakazu Kobayashi, Norio Narita, Toshikatsu Washio, Tatsuhiko Arafune, Teiji Tominaga, Shigeki Kushimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Results A total of 91 inpatients from 13 hospitals were identified. Tsunami victims comprised 73% of the patients with hypothermia. Within 24 hours of the earthquake, 66 patients were admitted. Most patients with a temperature of 32°C or higher were treated with passive external rewarming with blankets. Discharge without sequelae was reported for 83.3% of patients admitted within 24 hours of the earthquake and 44.0% of those admitted from 24 to 72 hours after the earthquake. Heating systems were restored within 3 days of the earthquake at 43% of the hospitals.

Conclusions Hypothermia in patients hospitalized within 72 hours of the earthquake was primarily due to cold-water exposure during the tsunami. Many patients were successfully treated in spite of the post-earthquake disruption of regional social infrastructure.

Objective: A survey was conducted to describe the characteristics of patients treated for hypothermia after the Great East Japan Earthquake.

Methods: Written questionnaires were distributed to 72 emergency medical hospitals in Miyagi Prefecture. Data were requested regarding inpatients with a temperature less than 36°C admitted within 72 hours after the earthquake. The availability of functional heating systems and the time required to restore heating after the earthquake were also documented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-389
Number of pages11
JournalDisaster medicine and public health preparedness
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Sep 12

Keywords

  • hypothermia
  • the Great East Japan Earthquake
  • tsunami disaster

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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